Getting Started With Testmain in Go

Elliot Forbes Elliot Forbes ⏰ 2 Minutes 📅 Jan 1, 2024

Welcome gophers!

In this tutorial, we’ll be covering how you can use TestMain in order to simplify your tests in Go as well as covering some of the potential drawbacks and caveats to consider when employing this approach.

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The TestMain Function

So, the TestMain function is rather special in the sense that, if it is present within a package, it then becomes the main entry point for running the tests within that package.

Why is this potentially beneficial? Well, it allows us to do package-specific test setup before running through all of the tests.

This can be beneficial in certain circumstances when you want to simplify the tests within your package and focus them specifically on the test case at hand.


Let’s have a look at an example of this in action. Below, you’ll find some tests that feature the TestMain function.

We’ve been able to create a global variable for our resty client which allows our tests to focus purely on the logic around sending HTTP requests to our chosen endpoint and then doing assertions based on the results.

package main

import (


var (
	client *resty.Client

func TestMain(m *testing.M) {
	client = resty.New()
	exitCode := m.Run()

func TestHttpBin(t *testing.T) {
	t.Run("Testing a get request", func(t *testing.T) {
		t.Log("sending get request to")
		resp, err := client.R().Get("")
		if err != nil {
		if resp.StatusCode() != http.StatusOK {
			t.Errorf("An unexpected status code has been returned: %d", resp.StatusCode())