AngularJS Official Docs on Data Binding can be found here: AngularJS Data Binding
Please note that the use of scope is somewhat frowned upon. Check out my article on Working with Components and how you should use one way data-binding.
What is Data Binding?
Data binding is incredibly useful due to the fact it automatically synchronizes the data in both our model and view components. Any changes made to something in the frontend will automatically be reflected in the backend and vice versa. This essentially means we no longer have to worry about complex DOM manipulation and traversal.
How Does it Work?
AngularJS utilizes it’s own mechanism very similar to Dirty Checking. Essentially AngularJS iterates through a list of variables and checks to see whether or not the value of that variable has changed. If a variable has changed then it goes and performs the DOM manipulation required.
It must be noted that once you get to about 2000 variables that you have to consistently watch you might start seeing noticeable differences in your apps performance. If you are dealing with incredibly complex sets of data then try and limit the amount of variables that you have consistently being watched and possibly break it down these sets into subsets which can be viewed on different pages.
How Do We Implement It?
Thanks to the hard work of the AngularJS team, data binding is incredibly simple to implement in your own applications. To demonstrate this we’ll start with a very basic application that allows us to dynamically change a name based off of an input box’s input.
The output for this small example can be seen below: