Vue.js Change Handler Tutorial Image Vue.js Change Handler Tutorial

Elliot Forbes Elliot Forbes ⏰ 3 Minutes 📅 Aug 11, 2019

Welcome fellow programmers! In this tutorial, we are going to be looking at how you can effectively watch for changes in your application and trigger functions whenever particular data properties are updated.

In order to demonstrate this, we’ll be creating a simple login form component that will watch for changes to the username field and perform some validation whenever that username is updated. We’ll be triggering some really simple animations in Vue.JS whenever the inputted username meets our validation requirements.

This will hopefully give you a good idea as to how you can take this forward and implement change handlers within your own Vue.JS applications.

Prerequisites

You should have the following installed on your machine to ensure that you can complete this tutorial:

  • yarn cli - for dependency management and serving your Vue.JS application
  • vue cli - for generating new Vue.JS applications

Introduction

Let’s start off by creating a new Vue.JS application using the vue cli.

$ vue create vuejs-change-handler

This will create a new Vue.JS project for us to use and play about with in a vuejs-change-handler directory. Open this directory up in your code editor and then navigate to App.vue. We’ll be doing the majority of our work in here to keep the tutorial simple.

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <img alt="Vue logo" src="./assets/logo.png">
    <HelloWorld msg="Welcome to Your Vue.js App"/>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
import HelloWorld from './components/HelloWorld.vue'

export default {
  name: 'app',
  components: {
    HelloWorld
  }
}
</script>

<style>
#app {
  font-family: 'Avenir', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
  text-align: center;
  color: #2c3e50;
  margin-top: 60px;
}
</style>

Awesome, we’ll start off by removing the references to the HelloWorld component that the cli helpfully creates for us:

<template>
  <div id="app">
      <h2>Vue.JS Change Handler Tutorial</h2>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  name: 'app',
}
</script>

<style>
#app {
  font-family: 'Avenir', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
  text-align: center;
  color: #2c3e50;
  margin-top: 60px;
}
</style>

Cool, we now have a foundation for the rest of our project!

Implementing Change

Let’s dive in to how we would effectively handle changes within our app. We’ll be creating form with a single input field which will feature the v-model attribute equal to username. Within the data of our simple component, we’ll also be defining this matching username data value.

<template>
     <div id="app">
        <div class="login center">
          <h2>Vue.JS Change Handler Tutorial</h2>

          <form>
              <div class="medium-6 cell">
                  <label>Username
                  <input type="text" placeholder=".medium-6.cell" v-model="username">
                  </label>
                </div>
          </form>
        </div>
    </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  name: 'app',
  data: function() {
    return {
      username: '',
    }
  }
}
</script>

<style>
#app {
  font-family: 'Avenir', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
  -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;
  -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale;
  text-align: center;
  color: #2c3e50;
  margin-top: 60px;
}
</style>

Awesome, so we have an input field which now takes in a username, the next step is to implement a watcher that will feature a handler function

Let’s add a watch attribute to our app component and within that will house a new handler function that will be triggered every time our username is updated.

export default {
  name: 'app',
  data: function() {
    return {
      username: '',
    }
  },
  watch: {
    username: {
      handler (newValue, oldValue) {
        /* eslint-disable-next-line */
        console.log(newValue) 
      },
      immediate: true
    }
  }
}

In the watch section of our component, we define a handler function that will be triggered whenever our username changes within our app. Open up the

Conclusion

So, in this tutorial, we have looked at how you can build your own change handler functions in Vue.js. If you enjoyed this article, or have any comments or issues then please let me know in the comments section below!

Further Reading

If you enjoyed this article then you may enjoy some of the other tutorials on our site: